Depression is a state of low mood and dislike of activity. Classified medically as a mental and behavioral disorder, the experience of depression affects a person’s thoughts, behavior, motivation, feelings, and sense of well-being.

The core symptom of depression is said to be anhedonia, which refers to loss of interest or a loss of feeling of pleasure in certain activities that usually bring joy to people. Depressed mood is a normal temporary reaction to life events, side effects of medicines or symptoms of physical diseases.

Depression can be caused due to adverse life events, changes in personality or social environment, alcoholism, bullying or social abuse, medical treatments, substance induced, non-psychiatric illnesses, psychiatric syndromes, historical legacy.

Types of depression are:

  • Major depression and its types like anxious distress, melancholy and agitated mood.
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  • Psychotic Depression
  • Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
  • Situational Depression
  • Atypical Depression
  • Treatment Resistant Depression

Some effective ways of fighting with depression are as follows:

  • Meet yourself where you are, try to understand the position you are in.
  • If you need to wallow, wallow- but do so in a constructive manner.
  • Know that today isn’t indicative of tomorrow; today might not be your day but tomorrow or the day after tomorrow might be.
  • Assess the parts instead of generalizing the whole. Try not to gauze the entirety of the condition you are in, do it in parts.
  • Do the opposite of what the ‘depression voice’ suggests. If the ‘voice’ tells you to ‘stay in’, rebel against it.
  • Set attainable goals like maybe folding your clothes in a day and doing laundry in another, instead of doing both in a day.
  • Reward your efforts and yourself for being the fighter you are.
  • You may find it helpful to create a routine, sometimes being in a routine helps us.
  • Do something you enjoy or used to enjoy once.
  • Listen to music; good music. Music helps a lot.
  • Spending some time in nature, being in nature heals us.
  • Spend time with loved ones; love triumphs all.
  • Try something new entirely, something way out of your comfort zone.
  • Volunteering can be a great way too.
  • Incorporating meditation may help ground your thoughts.
  • What you eat and drink can also affect how you feel; eat and drink healthy.
  • If you’re up for exercise, consider a walk around the block.
  • Getting enough sleep can also have a noticeable effect on your mental and physical health.
  • Consider clinical treatment under professional expertise.

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